This paper seeks to offer a clearer image of how the Underworld was illustrated and interpreted by Augustus` most prolific poet: Publius Vergilius Maro. The issues to be discussed are the relationship between reality and fiction in the sixth book of Aeneid and the role of memory in the creation of Inferno. Another issue put in discussion is the role of evil in common life in the Ancient Rome, a society that imagined an Underworld ruled by one god: Hades, a different kind of ruler that the other underworld gods from coexistent cultures. In his Inferno, the Augustan poet offers an image of how the great Roman Empire was, and more important, how it wanted to be seen in front of posterity. The main virtues promulgated by Augustus through his Pax Romana are to be found in the national epopee, but are these ideas changing the image of the Inferno? Extremely interesting is in how the politically ideas are combined with the religious ones, and the Shield of Anchises is one of the best examples on proving many of Augustus ideas which are to be found in Virgil`s Underworld. The glorious future of Rome is observed from the past, which is not to be forgotten, as it can be seen from the beginning of Anchises` speech, when only after the explanation of life`s meaning the reader can see the Roman warriors and the premature death of Marcellus.
Roxana Maria Fanuţ