LiBRI: The Evolution of Na in Bantu Languages

H.M. Batibo and Marie-Françoise Rombi have reflected upon the evolution of Na in Bantu Languages and have brought their research to light in the latest volume of LiBRI journal.
The link word na in Bantu languages has been identified as one of the forms inherited from the ancestral language, commonly known as Proto-Bantu (Guthrie, 1971; Greenberg,1948; Meeussen, 1969). This form has been reconstructed in Proto-Bantu with the meaning of “and” and “with”.
The two functions of na in Proto-Bantu

Its primary part has been perceived as to connection together two syntactic units in a coordinative or cooperative way. This paper analyzes the two unique elements of na as a marker of coordination or relationship of syntactic units in Bantu dialects. It demonstrates how a few dialects have broadened its utilization through the procedure of grammaticalization to expect different capacities. Consequently, the paper closes by watching that the development of the na structure is one of the cases in which words in Bantu dialects have advanced to obtain different capacities (Polomé, 1977; Guthrie, 1971). Be that as it may, there are likewise cases in which units having a place with one linguistic classification change to different classifications.
The procedure of grammaticalization of the na did not end by stretching out it from a cooperative to a possessive verb just, additionally from possessive verb to a genitive frame, that is a structure showing that a given thing is part or has a place with another thing. This is typically communicated by the relational word “of”.

In this manner, the development of na in the contemporary Bantu dialects has reached out in part and utilization in order to incorporate different capacities. Bantu dialects are typically described by lexical things, which regularly change their semantic ascribes because of ecological, utilization or useful parts.

Be that as it may, there are likewise cases in which units fitting in with one linguistic classification change to different classifications. This happens, particularly during the time spent grammaticalization.
The connection word or connective na, in Bantu dialects, fits in with the linguistic class of words, given that it can work as both relational word and conjunction. Be that as it may, it has experienced numerous major charges to procure inflectional properties, in a few Bantu dialects, through the procedure of grammaticalization. Therefore, new capacities rose, supplanting some of its prior parts. Additionally, new structures have seemed to assume control over a portion of the capacities which were once accepted by this word.
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Diana-Elena Melinte