Modular vs. Unitary (Non-Modular) Views on the Brain and Mind

This article aims at delineating the two distinguished paradigms as far as their views towards learning in general and language in particular are concerned. Moreover, it attempts to discuss different views on the flaws and praises raised by each of their proponents and opponents. Therefore, the purpose of this article

Brain Diseases in Mesopotamian Societies

In ancient Mesopotamia were not practiced neither autopsies nor dissections, so the internal organs of human body were known only from occasional inspections on wounds and injuries. The brain was considered as a part of the head and was not related to mental activity. However, Babylonian and Assyrian physicians were

Brainterview with Mr. Dr. Georgios K. Matis

Doctor Georgios K. Matis, one of our journal reviewers, is a young Greek resident neurosurgeon with an enviable experience. He graduated high school in 1995 with an impressive academic score of 19.7/20, being the first among his classmates.   Articles on the web Greeks hold mass protests over name

The Complex Functioning of the Human Brain: the Two Hemispheres

The present study reveals just a glimpse of the possible functions and reactions that the human brain can have. I considered as good examples different situations characteristic both of a normal person and a split-brain one. These situations prove that the brain, although divided in two, works as a unit,

Ai Reloaded: Objectives, Potentials, and Challenges of the Novel Field of Brain-Like Artificial Intelligence

The general objective of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is to make machines – particularly computers – do things that require intelligence when done by humans. In the last 60 years, AI has significantly progressed and today forms an important part of industry and technology. However, despite the many successes, fundamental questions

On the Relationship Between Right- Brain and Left- Brain Dominance and Reading Comprehension Test Performance of Iranian Efl Learners

A tremendous amount of works have been conducted by psycholinguistics to identify hemisphere processing during second/ foreign language learning, or in other words to investigate the role of the brain hemisphere dominance in language performance of learners. Most of these researches have focused on single words and word pairs (e.g.,

Designing a Growing Functional Modules “Artificial Brain”

The present paper illustrates the design process for the Growing Functional Modules (GFM) learning based controller. GFM controllers are elaborated interconnecting four kinds of components: Global Goals, Acting Modules, Sensations and Sensing Modules. Global Goals trigger intrinsic motivations, Acting and Sensing Modules develop specific functionalities and Sensations provide the controlled

An Optimized Clustering Approach for Automated Detection of White Matter Lesions in Mri Brain Images

Settings White Matter lesions (WMLs) are small areas of dead cells found in parts of the brain. In general, it is difficult for medical experts to accurately quantify the WMLs due to decreased contrast between White Matter (WM) and Grey Matter (GM). The aim of this paper is to automatically